ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Can NT-pro BNP Levels Predict Prognosis of Patients with Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the Intensive Care Unit?
Özlem Ediboğlu1, Cenk Kıraklı1
1Intensive Care Unit, University of Health Sciences, İzmir Dr. Suat Seren Chest Diseases and Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2018.0006
Pages : 422-426

Abstract

Background: The prognostic value of amino terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has not been fully established.
Aims: To investigate the predictive value of amino terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels in terms of mortality, need for noninvasive mechanical ventilation, invasive mechanical ventilation, and weaning success.
Study Design: Cohort study.
Methods: Patients who were admitted to intensive care unit between December 2015 and December 2016 due to acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were included in the study. Demographic data, noninvasive mechanical ventilation application, need for invasive mechanical ventilation, amino terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level, duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit and hospital stay, weaning success, and mortality rates were recorded.
Results: A total of 110 patients (75 males) were included in the study. The mean age of the participants was 69 (61-76) years, and the mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score was 19 (15-23). The mean amino terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level was found to be lower in cases with noninvasive mechanical ventilation success than those with noninvasive mechanical ventilation failure (p=0.053). In addition, the mean amino terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level was significantly higher (4740 pg/mL vs. 3004 pg/mL, p=0.001) in patients who needed invasive mechanical ventilation support than in patients who did not. The mortality rate was significantly higher in patients who had an increasing trend of amino terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels during hospitalization than in patients who had decreasing levels (59% vs. 23%, p=0.015). Based on the receiver operating characteristic analysis, the increasing trend of amino terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels during intensive care unit stay predicted mortality with area under curve of 0.84 (p<0.0001, 95% CI: 0.75-0.93) and predicted invasive mechanical ventilation need with area under curve of 0.68.
Conclusion: In cases of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring mechanical ventilation, amino terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide measurement and monitoring of its trend may be a valuable asset in predicting mortality, noninvasive mechanical ventilation, weaning success, and need for invasive mechanical ventilation.

Keywords : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, mortality, NT-pro BNP
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