ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Higher Income for Male Physicians: Findings About Salary Differences Between Male and Female Iranian Physicians
Enayatollah Homaie Rad1, Elham Ehsani-Chimeh2, Masoumeh Najafi Gharebehlagh3, Fatemeh Kokabisaghi4, Satar Rezaei5, Maryam Yaghoubi6
1Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2National Institute for Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Erasmus School of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands
5Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
6Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2018.2018.1082
Pages : 162-168


Background: In recent decades, the role of women in the organizations of developed and less developed countries has increased, but little is known about gender gap in salaries of Iranian physicians.
Aims: To analyze the gender gap in the salary of physicians working in public health sector of Iran and its predicting factors in 2016.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Methods: Thirty thousand eight hundred and twenty four records about characteristics of study population were extracted from national human resources for health database. Nearest neighborhood matching technique was used to find adjusted differences of salary between male and female physicians. In addition, by using Oaxaca decomposition method, the reasons for the differences were found.
Results: The results showed that there was a difference of 117 dollars in monthly salaries of male and female physicians in favor of men. Differences in male and female salaries could be predicted by place of work and residency, type of specialty, type of employment and marital status.
Conclusion: Gender gap in physicians’ salaries exists in public health sector of Iran. The payment methods of salaries for men and women should be revised in order to remove the inequalities.

Keywords : Gender inequality, Iran, physicians, salary
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