ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Lobular Capillary Hemangioma of the Nasal Cavity: A Retrospective Study of 15 Cases in Taiwan
Tzu-Hang Chi Chi 1, Chien-Han Yuan 1, Shang-Tao Chien 2
1Department of Otolaryngology, Taoyuan Armed Forces General Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Otolaryngology, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2Department of Pathology, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2014.13178
Pages : 69-71

Abstract

Background: Lobular capillary hemangioma of the nasal cavity is an uncommon benign vascular tumor of unknown etiology. There have been only very few case reports in Taiwan.

Aims: This study aimed to analyze the clinical features, radiological findings, treatment modalities, and outcome of lobular capillary hemangioma treated at a teaching hospital in Taiwan during a period of 10 years.

Study Design: Descriptive study.

Methods: Retrospective chart reviews were performed on patients who were diagnosed with lobular capillary hemangioma of the nasal cavity at Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, from January 2003 to December 2012. Data retrieved included age, gender, clinical symptoms, computed tomography (CT) findings, treatment modalities, and outcome for further analysis.

Results: Of the 15 patients identified, there were five males and ten females ranging from 17 to 86 years of age, with a mean age of 43.8±20.2. Epistaxis was the most common presenting symptom. All patients presented a unilateral nasal lobular capillary hemangioma. The most commonly affected site was the anterior nasal septum, followed by the inferior turbinate, vestibule, middle turbinate, and posterior nasal septum. All lesions presented as soft tissue density without bony erosions under CT examination. Endoscopic excisional surgery (n=12) or classical local excision (n=3) was performed for complete removal of the hemangioma. No evidence of recurrence was observed with 6 to 75 months of follow-up.

Conclusion: Lobular capillary hemangioma of the nasal cavity was usually found to occur in anterior septum with epistaxis. Complete excision with endoscopic surgery or classical local excision was recommended and recurrence can be prevented.

Keywords : Endoscopic surgery, epistaxis, lobular capillary hemangioma, nasal cavity
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