ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Anesthetic Management of a Pediatric Patient with Arginase Deficiency
Abdulkadir Atım 1, Hüseyin Oğuz Yılmaz 1, Mehmet Emin Orhan 1, Tuncer Çaycı 2
1Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Biochemistry, Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5174/tutfd.2009.03067.4
Pages : 338-340

Abstract

Arginase deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of the urea cycle in which a defect in conversion of arginine to urea and ornithine leads to hyperammonemia. Patients with urea cycle disorders may show increased protein catabolism due to inadequate intake of energy, protein and essential amino acids; infections, fever and surgery. A 12-year-old girl with arginase deficiency, ASA II who weighed 40 kg was scheduled for bilateral adductor, quadriceps and gastrocnemius tenotomies. She had mental retardation, spasticity and flexion posture of thelower limbs. Metabolic homeostasis was restored with appropriate diet. Successful anesthetic management allowed the patient to be discharged 48 hours after surgery. Increased levels of arginine and ammonia during or after surgery may lead to serious complications such as hypotension, cerebral edema, convulsions, hypothermia and spasticity. Thus special attention must be given to metabolic homeostasis and nutrition of the patients with arginase deficiency in the perioperative period. Primary goals should be to minimize stress levels by effective anxiolysis, provide an adequate amount of protein-free energy with proper fluid management and to obtain an effective preemptive and postoperative analgesia. In addition to a high level of knowledge, successful anesthesia requires professional communication among nursing staff, dietitians, pediatric metabolism specialist, surgeon and anesthesiologist.

Keywords : Arginase deficiency, spasticity surgery, anesthetic management
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