ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Clinical Features of Congenital Neck Masses in Children
Mustafa İnan 1, Recep Yağız 2, Abdullah Taş 2, Servet Ada 2, Süleyman Ayvaz 3
1Trakya Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Çocuk Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı
2Trakya Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Kulak Burun Boğaz Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Edirne
3Trakya Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Çocuk Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, Edirne
Pages : 1-5

Abstract

Objectives: Diagnostic approaches and treatment methods in children with a congenital neck mass were evaluated.

Patients and Methods: A total of 36 patients (20 girls, 16 males; mean age 8.6±5.9; range 1 month to 15 years) treated in our hospital for congenital neck mass between 1996 and 2003, were retrospectively analysed.

Results: Thirteen cases were diagnosed as dermoid cyst, 7 as branchial cyst, 7 as thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC), 5 as torticollis, 4 as cystic hygroma and 1 as lipoblastoma. In all 7 of the cases with TDC, the mass presented with a cutaneus fistula. Two of the branchial cysts were localized on the right and the rest on the left side. One of the cases with dermoid cyst exhibited a lateral localization. Ultrasonography, computed tomography and thyroid syntigraphy were used for diagnostic purposes. Three patients with torticollis received physical therapy while the remaining patients were surgically treated. The preliminary diagnosis was incorrect in four cases and their histopathological diagnosis was dermoid cyst.

Conclusion: Congenital neck masses in children are usually benign. Due to their similar clinical features, dermoid cysts can be confused with TDC and branchial cysts.

Keywords : Children; dermoid cyst; head and neck neoplasms; thyroglossal cysts; torticollis
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