ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

A Comparision of the Effect of Sugammadex on the Recovery Period and Postoperative Residual Block in Young Elderly and Middle-Aged Elderly Patients
Emine Yazar 1, Canan Yılmaz 2, Derya Karasu 2, Yılmaz Apaydın 2, Halil Erkan Sayan 2, Hülya Bilgin 3, Selcan Bayraktar 3
1Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Şırnak State Hospital, Şırnak, Turkey
2Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Bursa Şevket Yılmaz Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
3Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Uludağ University School of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2016.16383
Pages : 181-187

Abstract

Background: The importance of the characteristics of anesthesia and postoperative residual curarization (PORC) in the elderly population should be a growing concern in this century.

Aims: To investigate the effect of sugammadex on the duration of the recovery from neuromuscular blocking agents and postoperative residual curarization in the young elderly and middle-aged elderly patients who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, followed by a train of four (TOF) watch monitorization.

Study Design: Prospective clinical trial study.

Methods: Sixty patients over the age of 65 with American Society of Anesthesiologists I-III were divided into two groups according to their age (65-74 years old and ≥75 years old). Patients received sugammadex (2.0 mg/kg iv) at the reappearance of the second twitch of the TOF as an agent for reversal of neuromuscular blockage at the end of surgery.  Patients were extubated at the time of TOF ≥0.9. The patients’ TOF responses were evaluated with regards to PORC in at the 5th minute and were followed up for one hour in the recovery room. Reintubation was applied for those patients who developed PORC and had peripheric oxygen saturation <90% despite being given 6 L oxygen per min with a face mask. 

Results: The onset time of neuromuscular blocking agent and time from T2 to achieve TOF ratio 90% (the duration of sugammadex effect) or over were found to be longer in the middle-aged elderly group than in the young elderly group. A statistically significant relationship was found between age and the duration of TOF ratio to reach 0.9 in the same direction. The PORC incidence and rate of reintubation were found to be 1.7% in all patients.

Conclusion: In our opinion, it is necessary to remember that the duration of sugammadex effect on the recovery period is prolonged for patients who are aged ≥75 years compared to patients aged between 65-74 years. (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: ACTRN12615000758505)

Keywords : Elderly, postoperative residual curarization, reintubation, sugammadex
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