ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Core Professionalism Education in Surgery: A Systematic Review
Akile Sarıoğlu Büke1, Özlem Sürel Karabilgin Öztürkçü2, Yusuf Yılmaz2, İskender Sayek3
1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey
2Department of Medical Education, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
3Department of General Surgery, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2017.0534

Background: Professionalism education is one of the major concerns of surgical residency education. 
Aims: This systematic review was to evaluate studies on the core professionalism education programs in surgical professionalism education. 
Study Design: Systematic review.
Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted in order to analyze the published core professionalism programs for surgical residency education in English that contained at least three of the mentioned features; program development model/instructional design method, aims and competencies, methods of teaching, methods of assessment and model/methods of program evaluation. A total of 27083 papers are withdrawn from EBSCOHOST, PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science and hand search. 
Results: Eight articles met the selection criteria. The instructional design method is presented in only one of the articles as Analysis Design Development Implementation Evaluation Model. In six articles, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education is taken as a criterion with significant content variability. The most common teaching method is role modeling and scenario-based and case-based learning. A wide range of assessment methods is reported for the evaluation of professionalism education. Kirkpatrick model is reported in one article as the program evaluation method. 
Conclusion: The authors suggest that for the core surgical professionalism education program; development/instructional design model, aims and competencies, content, teaching methods, assessment methods, program evaluation methods/models should be well defined and content should be comparable.

Keywords : Professionalism, surgical professionalism, professionalism education, surgery, surgical education, surgical resident, specialty training, systematic review
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