ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire
Hazel Ekin Akmaz1, Meltem Uyar2, Yasemin Kuzeyli Yıldırım3, Esra Akın Korhan4
1Clinic of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Manisa State Hospital, Manisa, Turkey
2Department of Algology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
3Ege University Faculty of Nursing, İzmir, Turkey
4Department of Nursing, İzmir Katip Çelebi University Faculty of Health Science, İzmir, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2016.1998

Background: In assessing patients with chronic pain in this country, making a diagnosis and following up the effectiveness of treatment, use is made of scales which have been adapted to Turkish. However, there is as yet no valid and reliable scale in Turkish to assess the acceptance of pain.
Aims: Acceptance of chronic pain has become an important concept in understanding and predicting that chronic pain sufferers can remain engaged with meaningful aspects of life. The aim of this study was to validate a Turkish version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire developed by McCracken et al. (2004). Pain acceptance is the process of giving up the struggle with pain and learning to live a worthwhile life despite it.
Study Design: This methodological study.
Methods: A simple randomized sampling method was used in selecting the study sample. The sample was composed of 201 patients, which was ten times the number of items examined for validity and reliability in the study, which totaled 20. In collecting data for the study, a patient identification form, the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire and the Short Pain Inventory were used. Collection of data was accomplished by the researchers in face-to-face interviews. In the validity testing, the Content Validity Index was used to evaluate linguistic equivalence, content validity, construct validity, and expert views. In the reliability testing of the scale, use was made of Cronbach alpha coefficient calculation, item analysis and split-test reliability methods. Principal Components Analysis and the Varimax rotation method were used in factor analysis and to examine factor structure for construct concept validity.
Results: As a result of item analysis, it was established that the scale, all items and item-total correlations were at a satisfactory level. The mean total score of the scale was 21.78. The internal consistency coefficient was 0.94, and the correlation between the two halves of the scale was 0.89.
Conclusion: It can be said that Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire, which is intended to be brought to our country by making its validity and reliability analyses, is an evaluation instrument having quite sufficient valid and reliable indicators, and this scale can be reliably used in order to examine the patients’ acceptance of chronic pain.

Keywords : Chronic pain, acceptance, Turkish, validity, reliability, methodological study
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