ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire
Hazel Ekin Akmaz1, Meltem Uyar2, Yasemin Kuzeyli Yıldırım3, Esra Akın Korhan4
1Clinic of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Manisa State Hospital, Manisa, Turkey
2Department of Algology, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
3Ege University School of Nursing, İzmir, Turkey
4Department of Nursing, İzmir Katip Çelebi University School of Health Science, İzmir, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2016.1998
Pages : 238-244


Background: Pain acceptance is the process of giving up the struggle with pain and learning to live a worthwhile life despite it. In assessing patients with chronic pain in Turkey, making a diagnosis and tracking the effectiveness of treatment is done with scales that have been translated into Turkish. However, there is as yet no valid and reliable scale in Turkish to assess the acceptance of pain.
Aims: To validate a Turkish version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire developed by McCracken and colleagues.
Study Design: Methodological and cross sectional study.
Methods: A simple randomized sampling method was used in selecting the study sample. The sample was composed of 201 patients, more than 10 times the number of items examined for validity and reliability in the study, which totaled 20. A patient identification form, the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire, and the Brief Pain Inventory were used to collect data. Data were collected by face-to-face interviews. In the validity testing, the content validity index was used to evaluate linguistic equivalence, content validity, construct validity, and expert views. In reliability testing of the scale, Cronbach’s α coefficient was calculated, and item analysis and split-test reliability methods were used. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation were used in factor analysis and to examine factor structure for construct concept validity.
Results: The item analysis established that the scale, all items, and item-total correlations were satisfactory. The mean total score of the scale was 21.78. The internal consistency coefficient was 0.94, and the correlation between the two halves of the scale was 0.89.
Conclusion: The Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire, which is intended to be used in Turkey upon confirmation of its validity and reliability, is an evaluation instrument with sufficient validity and reliability, and it can be reliably used to examine patients’ acceptance of chronic pain.

Keywords : Acceptance, chronic pain, methodological study, reliability, Turkish, validity
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