ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Comparison of Scoring Systems in Predicting Success of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Muzaffer Akçay1, Muhammed Tosun1, Fatih Gevher1, Senad Kalkan1, Cevper Ersöz1, Yunus Kayalı1, Abdulkadir Tepeler2
1Department of Urology, Bezmialem Vakıf University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
2Clinic of Urology, Private Sen Jorj Avusturya Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2017.1631
Pages : 32-36

Abstract

Background: Scoring systems are useful to inform the patients about the success and complication rates of the operation prior the surgery.
Aims: To determine the applicability of the popular scoring systems (Guy’s, stone size, tract length, obstruction, number of involved calices, and essence/stone density and Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society) by means of examining preoperative data of patients treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed files of the patients who had undergone percutaneous nephrolithotomy in our center between 2011 and 2015. Excluded from the study were patients aged <18 years, and those who were not assessed preoperatively with computed tomography. Preoperative computed tomography images of all patients were assessed by a single observer, and patients were graded based on three scoring system. Demographic data were analyzed along with perioperative data (operation, fluoroscopy, length of hospital stay, changes in hematocrit values, location, and number of access sites, stone-free and complication rates).
Results: A total of 298 patients who had been treated with 300 procedures were enrolled into the study. Mean age, stone burden, number of stones, and density were 48.1±12.9 years, 663.5±442.8 mm2, 1.8±1.1 and 888.3±273 HU respectively. Scores of the cases based on Guy’s, stone size, tract length, obstruction, number of involved calices, and essence/stone density, and Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society scoring system were calculated as 2, 7.6, and 222.1 points respectively. 81.6% of the patients were stone-free. Complications were detected in 30 (9.9%) patients. Based on receiver operating characteristic curve analysis a positive correlation was detected between success rate and scoring systems, i.e., Guy’s (p=<0.001, r=-0.309), stone size, tract length, obstruction, number of involved calices, and essence/stone density (p=<0.001, r=-0.295), and Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (p=<0.001, r=0.426). The Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society scoring system had the highest predictive value. The sensitivity rates rates for Guy’s, Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society and Stone scoring system were as 78.78%, 80% and 82.34% respectively.
Conclusion: All of scoring systems predicted correctly the success of the percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures. The Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society scoring system had the highest predictive value.

Keywords : Percutaneous nephrolitotomy, scoring methods, specificity and sensitivity, urinary calculi
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