ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Neonatal Thrombocytopenia and the Role of the Platelet Mass Index in Platelet Transfusion in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Tuba Kasap1, Şahin Takçı1, Burcu Erdoğan Irak1, Rüveyda Gümüşer1, Ergün Sönmezgöz1, Ali Gül1, Osman Demir2, Umut Safiye Şay Coşkun3
1Department of Pediatrics, Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey
2Department of Biostatistics, Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey
3Department of Medical Microbiology, Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2020.2019.7.47
Pages : 150-156

Abstract

Background: Neonatal thrombocytopenia is a common hematological abnormality that occurs in 20–35% of all newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit. Platelet transfusion is the only known treatment; however, it is the critical point to identify neonates who are really at risk of bleeding and benefit from platelet transfusion as it also has various potential harmful effects.
Aims: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of neonatal thrombocytopenia and its relationship to intraventricular hemorrhage in the neonatal intensive care unit and to determine whether the use of platelet mass index-based criteria could reduce the rate of platelet transfusion.
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.
Methods: This study was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary university hospital. The medical records of neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit with platelet counts <150×109/L between January 2013 and July 2016 were analyzed.
Results: During the study period, 2,667 patients were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, and 395 (14%) had thrombocytopenia during hospitalization. The rate of intraventricular hemorrhage was 7.3%. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that although lower platelet counts were associated with a higher intraventricular hemorrhage rate, the effects of respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, and patent ductus arteriosus were more prominent than the degree of thrombocytopenia. Thirty patients (7%) received platelet transfusion, and these patients showed a significantly higher mortality rate than their non-platelet transfusion counterparts (p<0.001). In addition, it was found that the use of platelet mass index-based criteria for platelet transfusion in our patients would reduce the rate of platelet transfusion by 9.5% (2/21).
Conclusion: Neonatal thrombocytopenia is usually mild and often resolves without treatment. As platelet transfusion is associated with an increased mortality rate, its risks and benefits should be weighed carefully. The use of platelet mass index-based criteria may reduce platelet transfusion rates in the neonatal intensive care unit, but additional data from prospective studies are required.

Keywords : Intraventricular hemorrhage, neonatal intensive care unit, newborn, platelet mass index, platelet transfusion, thrombocytopenia
Viewed : 791
Downloaded : 538