ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

The Diagnostic Value of sTWEAK in Acute Ischemic Stroke
Ertan Comertpay1, Sevilay Vural2, Oğuz Eroğlu1, Nermin Dindar Badem3, Yasemin Karadeniz Bilgili4, Figen Coşkun1
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Kırıkkale University School of Medicine, Kırıkkale, Turkey
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Bozok University School of Medicine, Yozgat, Turkey
3Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Kırıkkale University School of Medicine, Kırıkkale, Turkey
4Department of Radiology Kırıkkale University School of Medicine, Kırıkkale, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2020.2020.2.45
Pages : 336-340

Abstract

Background: Considering the critical role of early diagnosis and management of acute ischemic stroke, biomarkers that can reliable assist in the diagnosis are still needed. These biomarkers should rapidly analyze, have high specificity for brain damage, and be available in the emergency settings for early diagnosis and exclusion of other conditions that mimic acute ischemic stroke. Soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis, a protein involved in the regulation of several biological functions, could be a potential acute ischemic stroke biomarker.
Aims: To investigate the diagnostic value of soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke and examine the relationship between ischemic area volume determined at diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis.
Study Design: A prospective, case-control study.
Methods: This case-control prospective study included 36 patients with acute ischemic stroke and 36 healthy volunteers. Information on age, sex, presence of chronic disease, neurological examination findings, times of presentation to the emergency department after acute ischemic stroke, soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis levels, ischemic area volumes at diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, and 6-month mortality rates after stroke were recorded. The results were analyzed on SPSS 22.0 software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA), and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: A soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis cut-off value of 995.5 pg/mL exhibited a sensitivity of 80.5% and a positive predictive value of 82.5% with an area under the curve of 0.84 (95% confidence interval: 0.74-0.94; p<0.001). The mean soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis levels in the acute ischemic stroke group (1968.08±1441.99 μg/L) were significantly higher than those in the control group (704.81±291.72 μg/L) (p<0.001). No correlation was observed between soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis levels and ischemic area volume measured at diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (r=-0.008; p=0.07). The mean ischemic area volume was 505.68±381.10 and 60.96±80.89 mm3 in the nonsurviving and surviving patients, respectively (p=0.002).
Conclusion: Soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis can be used in the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. However, it is inconclusive in estimating ischemic area volume and early mortality following acute ischemic stroke. Ischemic area volume measured at diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging is a marker of poor prognosis and can be used in predicting early mortality.

Keywords : Ischemic area volume, ischemic stroke, magnetic resonance imaging, sTWEAK
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