ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Spot Protein/Creatinine Ratio in Preeclampsia as an Alternative for 24-Hour Urine Protein
Oya Demirci 1, Pınar Kumru 1, Arzu Arınkan 1, Cem Ardıç 1, Resul Arısoy 1, Elif Tozkır 1, Bülent Tandoğan 1, Habibe Ayvacı 1, Ahmet S. Tuğrul 1
1Department of Perinatology, Zeynep Kamil Gynecologic and Pediatric Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2015.15447
Pages : 51-55

Abstract

Background: Proteinuria is a major component of preeclampsia. Urine protein measurement after 24-hour urine collection is the traditional standard method for the detection of proteinuria. It is time-consuming. As an alternative, random spot sampling for a urine protein to creatinine (P/C) ratio has been investigated.

Aims: The aim of the study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the protein to creatinine ratio (P/C) compared with 24-hour urine collection for the detection of remarkable proteinuria and to evaluate the P/C ratio for different proteinuria ranges in patients with preeclampsia.

Study Design: Case-control study.

Methods: Two hundred and eleven pregnant women who met the criteria of preeclampsia comprised the study group and fifty three pregnant women were taken as the control group. Spot urine specimens for measuring P/C ratio were obtained taken immediately before 24-hour urine collection. The correlation between the P/C ratio in the spot urine samples and urinary protein excretion in the 24-hour collections was examined  using the Spearman correlation test.

Results: It was found a good positive correlation between the P/C ratio and 24-hour protein excretion, with a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.758. The best cut-off which gave the maximum area under the curve was 0.45 for 300 mg, 0.9 for 1000 mg, 1.16 for 2000 mg, 1.49 for 3000 mg, 2.28 for 4000 mg and 2.63 for 5000 mg per 24h. A P/C ratio above 0.9 strongly predicts significant proteinuria for more than 1 gram (AUC 0.97, 95% CI: 0.94-0.99 and sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value of 91%, 95.4%, 95.2%, and 91.2%, respectively).

Conclusion: The P/C ratio can be used as a screening test as a good predictor for remarkable proteinuria. The P/C ratio seems to be highly predictive for diagnosis to detect proteinuria over one gram and it could be used as a rapid alternative test in preeclamptic patients not to delay implementation treatment.

Keywords : Preeclampsia, proteinuria, urine protein-creatinine ratio
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