ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Effect of Rosuvastatin on Arginase Enzyme Activity and Polyamine Production in Experimental Breast Cancer
Hakan Erbaş 1, Oğuz Bal 1, Erol Çakır 1
1Department of Medical Biochemistry, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2015.15611
Pages : 89-95

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumour of women around the world. As a key enzyme of the urea cycle, arginase leads to the formation of urea and ornithine from L-arginine. In the patients with several different cancers, arginase has been found to be higher and reported to be a useful biological marker.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of rosuvastatin on serum and cancer tissue arginase enzyme activity, and ornithine and polyamine (putrescine, spermidine, spermine) levels.

Study Design: Animal experiment.

Methods: In this study, 50 male Balb/c mice were used. Erchlich acid tumour cells were injected into the subcutaneous part of their left foot. The mice were divided into five groups: healthy control group, healthy treatment, tumour control, treatment 1 and treatment 2. Then, 1 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg doses of rosuvastatin were given intraperitoneally. Serum and tissue arginase enzyme activities and tissue ornithine levels were determined spectrophotometrically. HPLC measurement of polyamines were applied.

Results: Increased serum arginase activity and polyamine levels were significantly decreased with rosuvastatin treatment. In the tumour tissue, arginase activity and ornithine levels were significantly decreased in treatment groups compared to the tumour group. Tissue polyamine levels also decreased with rosuvastatin treatment.

Conclusion: We suggest that rosuvastatin may have some protective effects on breast cancer development as it inhibits arginase enzyme activity and ornithine levels, precursors of polyamines, and also polyamine levels. This protective effect may be through the induction of nitric oxide (NO) production via nitric oxide synthase (NOS). As a promising anticancer agent, the net effects of rosuvastatin in this mechanism should be supported with more advanced studies and new parameters.

Keywords : Arginase, breast cancer, ornithine, polyamines, rosuvastatin
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