ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Sonographic Measurement of Fetal Ear Length in Turkish Women with a Normal Pregnancy
Mucize Eriç Özdemir 1, Ayşe Karahasanoğlu 1, Mehmet Aygün 1, Hale Akın 1, Fehmi Yazıcıoğlu 1, Işıl Uzun 2
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Süleymaniye Education and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bakırköy Acıbadem Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2014.19784
Pages : 302-306

Abstract

Background: Abnormal fetal ear length is a feature of chromosomal disorders. Fetal ear length measurement is a simple measurement that can be obtained during ultrasonographic examinations.

Aims: To develop a nomogram for fetal ear length measurements in our population and investigate the correlation between fetal ear length, gestational age, and other standard fetal biometric measurements.

Study Design: Cohort study.

Methods: Ear lengths of the fetuses were measured in normal singleton pregnancies. The relationship between gestational age and fetal ear length in millimetres was analysed by simple linear regression. In addition, the correlation of fetal ear length measurements with biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, and femur length were evaluated.Ear length measurements were obtained from fetuses in 389 normal singleton pregnancies ranging between 16 and 28 weeks of gestation.

Results: A nomogram was developed by linear regression analysis of the parameters ear length and gestational age. Fetal ear length (mm) = y = (1.348 X gestational age)-12.265), where gestational ages is in weeks. A high correlation was found between fetal ear length and gestational age, and a significant correlation was also found between fetal ear length and the biparietal diameter (r=0.962; p<0.001). Similar correlations were found between fetal ear length and head circumference, and fetal ear length and femur length.

Conclusion: The results of this study provide a nomogram for fetal ear length. The study also demonstrates the relationship between ear length and other biometric measurements.

Keywords : Chromosomal disorders, fetal ear length, sonography
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