ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Comparison of Acoustic and Stroboscopic Findings and Voice Handicap Index between Allergic Rhinitis Patients and Controls
Eltaf Ayça Özbal Koç 1, Selim Erbek 1, Bülent Koç 2
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Pendik Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2014.14511
Pages : 340-344

Abstract

Background: In our experience Allergic Rhinitis (AR) patients suffer from voice problems more than health subjects.

Aims: To investigate the acoustic analysis of voice, stroscopic findings of larynx and Voice Handicap Index scores in allergic rhinitis patients compared with healthy controls.

Study Design: Case-control study.

Methods: Thirty adult patients diagnosed with perennial allergic rhinitis were compared with 30 age- and sex-matched healthy controls without allergy. All assessments were performed in the speech physiology laboratory and the testing sequence was as follows: 1. Voice Handicap Index (VHI) questionnaire, 2. Laryngovideostroboscopy, 3. Acoustic analyses.

Results: No difference was observed between the allergic rhinitis and control groups regarding mean Maximum Phonation Time (MPT) values, Fo values, and stroboscopic assessment (p>0.05). On the other hand, mean VHI score (p=0.001) and s/z ratio (p=0.011) were significantly higher in the allergic rhinitis group than in controls.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the presence of allergies could have effects on laryngeal dysfunction and voice-related quality of life. 

Keywords : Allergic rhinitis, voice handicap index, dysphonia
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