ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Correlation between Amitriptyline-Induced Cardiotoxic Effects and Cardiac S100b Protein in Isolated Rat Hearts
Nil Hocaoğlu 1, Nergis Murat 2, Serap Cilaker Mıcılı 3, Burç Aydın 4, Bekir Uğur Ergür 3, Şule Kalkan 1
1Division of Clinical Toxicology, Department of Pharmacology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
2Department of Pharmacology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.
3Deparment of Histology and Embryology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
4Department of Pharmacology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2016.150435
Pages : 681-687

Abstract

Background: Amitriptyline is an important cause of mortality due to its cardiovascular toxicity.

Aims: To investigate the changes in levels of cardiac S100b protein on amitriptyline-induced cardiotoxicity and also to examine the correlation between amitriptyline-induced cardiotoxic effects and cardiac S100b protein in an isolated rat heart model.

Study Design: Animal experimentation, isolated heart model.

Methods: After a stabilization period, isolated hearts were randomized to two groups (n=5 and n=7). In the control group, isolated hearts were subjected to an infusion of 5% dextrose for 60 minutes. In the amitriptyline group, 5.5×10-5 M amitriptyline was infused for 60 minutes to achieve amitriptyline toxicity. After the infusion period, heart tissues were removed for histological examination.

Results: In comparison to control treatment, amitriptyline infusion decreased left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), dp/dtmax and heart rate (HR) and significantly prolonged QRS duration (p<0.05). The semiquantitative scores for S100b protein levels in amitriptyline-infused hearts were higher than in the control group (p<0.01). At the end of the experiment, in the amitriptyline-infused group, significant correlations were found between LVDP and S100b protein scores (r=-0.807, p=0.003) and between QRS duration and S100b protein scores (r=0.859, p=0.001).

Conclusion: Our results indicate that the S100b protein may be a helpful indicator or biomarker in studying the cardiotoxic effects of amitriptyline.

Keywords : S100b protein, amitriptyline, toxicity, isolated heart, rat
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