ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Ventricular Ganglioneuroblastoma in an Adult and Successful Treatment with Radiotherapy
Mustafa Akın 1, Şefika Arzu Ergen 1, Gülyüz Atkovar 1, İsmet Şahinler 1, Büge Öz 2
1Department of Radiation Oncology, İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Pathology, İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2014.13155
Pages : 173-176

Abstract

Background: Ganglioneuroblastomas (GNBs) are rare embryonic neoplasms in the spectrum of neuroblastic tumours and 80% of cases occur in the first decade. In adults, GNBs are usually located in the retroperitoneum, mediastinum and neck but intracranial GNBs are extremely rare.

Case Report: A 34-year-old male applied to the Department of Neurology outpatient clinic with a two month history of headache and numbness in his legs. Detailed examinations and cranial CT were performed and showed a mass with a 5 cm diameter running from the third to the fourth ventricle. Referral to a neurosurgeon was performed for partial removal of the tumour, as the histological and immunohistochemical studies defined the diagnosis of GNB. Three months later, when the patient experienced dizziness, an MRI was performed, which showed a 4x3 cm ventricular mass, with hypointense characterisation in T1-weighted and hyperintense characteristics in T2-weighted and flair sequences. Afterwards, fractioned radiotherapy (54 Gy/30 fx) was chosen as the appropriate therapy. In the follow-up period, MRI was performed 3 months and 1 year after treatment, and revealed shrinkage of the tumour by at least 50%. Meanwhile the patient’s post-irradiation course was favourable.

Conclusion: Data following the use of radiotherapy as treatment for intracranial GNB showing favourable results has been reported.

Keywords : Neuroblastic tumour, radiotherapy, ventriculer ganglioneuroblastoma
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