ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Sequential Test Selection by Quantifying of the Reduction in Diagnostic Uncertainty for the Diagnosis of Proximal Caries
Umut Arslan 1, Ahmet Ergun Karaağaoğlu 1, Nursel Akkaya 2, Leyla Berna Çağırankaya 2, Ayşe Özden Kansu 2, Hilmi Kansu 2
1Department of Biostatistics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Dento-Maxillofacial Radiology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2012.103
Pages : 142-146

Abstract

Background: In order to determine the presence or absence of a certain disease, multiple diagnostic tests may be necessary. Performance of these tests can be sequentially evaluated.

Aims: The aim of the study is to determine the contribution of the test in each step, in reducing diagnostic uncertainty when multiple tests are sequentially used for the diagnosis.

Study Design: Diagnostic accuracy study

Methods: Radiographs of seventy-three patients of the Department of Dento-Maxillofacial Radiology of Hacettepe University Faculty of Dentistry were assessed. Panoramic (PAN), full mouth intraoral (FM), and bitewing (BW) radiographs were used for the diagnosis of proximal caries in the maxillary and mandibular molar regions. Diagnostic performance of radiography was sequentially evaluated by using the reduction in diagnostic uncertainty.

Results: FM provided maximum diagnostic information for ruling in potential in the maxillary and mandibular molar regions in the first step. FM provided more diagnostic information than BW radiographs for ruling in the mandibular region in the second step. In the mandibular region, BW radiographs provided more diagnostic information than FM for ruling out in the first step. 

Conclusion: The presented method in this study provides the clinicians with a solution for the decision of the sequential selection of diagnostic tests for the correct diagnosis of the presence or absence of a certain disease.

Keywords : Test sequence, reduction in uncertainty, proximal caries, radiographic methods
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