ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Factors in Childhood Bacterial Meningitis: A Multicenter Study
Özden Türel 1, Mustafa Bakır 1, Canan Yıldırım 2, Yüksel Yılmaz 2, Ferda Akdaş 3
1Department of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, İstanbul, Turkey
3Department of Audiology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, İstanbul, Turkey İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2012.092
Pages : 80-84

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate clinical features and sequela in children with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM).

Study Design: Multicenter retrospective study.

Material and Methods: Study includes retrospective chart review of children hospitalised with ABM at 11 hospitals in İstanbul during 2005. Follow up visits were conducted for neurologic examination, hearing evaluation and neurodevelopmental tests.

Results: Two hundred and eighty three children were included in the study. Median age was 12 months and 68.6% of patients were male. Almost all patients had fever at presentation (97%). Patients younger than 6 months tended to present with feeding difficulties (84%), while patients older than 24 months were more likely to present with vomitting (93%) and meningeal signs (84%). Seizures were present in 65 (23%) patients. 26% of patients were determined to have at least one major sequela. The most common sequelae were speech or language problems (14.5%). 6 patients were severely disabled because of meningitis. Presence of focal neurologic signs at presentation and turbid cerebrospinal fluid appearance increased sequelae significantly. Childen under 24 months of age developed neurologic sequelae more commonly than older children.

Conclusion: Symptoms and signs were largely depending on the age of the patient. Speech or language problems were the most common sequelae following meningitis.

Keywords : Bacterial meningitis, children, signs and symptoms, sequelae
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