ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

General or Local Anaesthesia in One-Day Thyroid Surgery-Does It Matter?
Maya Belitova 1, Dimitar Karadimov 1, Rumen Pandev 2
1Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital “Queen Giovanna”-Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
2Department of One-Day Surgery, University Hospital “Queen Giovanna”-Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2012.006
Pages : 124-128

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to determine the safety and feasibility of general anaesthesia (GA) compared with local anaesthesia + Monitored Anaesthesia Care (LA+MAC) for One-Day Thyroid Surgery (ODTS); to assess patient and operator satisfaction with either of the anesthetic approaches.

Material and Methods: We reviewed prospectively 130 patients who underwent ODTS from 2008 to 2011. 64 patients were operated on under GA and 62 - under LA+MAC. All variables of patient demographic characteristics, duration and type of operation, postoperative complications, difficulty in airway management and postoperative opiate consumption were recorded and analyzed.

Results: There is no difference in respect to length of stay, discharge time and major/minor complications rate between two groups, but in the LA+MAC group, pain appears earlier and is more severe (56min; VAS 6, 5) than in GA patients (223 min; VAS 1, 5; p<0.001). Patient satisfaction was similar but the operator preference was greater for GA.

Conclusion: In experienced hands LA with MAC for Thyroidectomy is a safe and wise choice, but GA is even more so!

Keywords : One-day thyroid surgery, general anaesthesia, local anaesthesia, MAC, complications
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