ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Nosocomial Infections and Agents Determined by Consultations in Intensive Care Unit
Seyit Ali Büyüktuna 1, Ata Nevzat Yalçın 1, Özge Turhan 2, Melike Cengiz 3, Atilla Ramazanoğlu 3
1Departments of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Medical Faculty of Akdeniz University, Antalya
2Akdeniz Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, İnfeksiyon Hastalıkları ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Antalya
3Departments of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Medical Faculty of Akdeniz University, Antalya
DOI : 10.5174/tutfd.2008.01343.1
Pages : 150-155

Abstract

Objectives: We investigated nosocomial infections diagnosed via consultations with the Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology at Reanimation I-II intensive care units.

Patients and Methods: Of 3750 patients hospitalized at Reanimation I-II intensive care units, 1221 patients were followed up via consultations with the Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology. Additionally, main diseases that require intensive care, other concomitant diseases, demographical data, hospital stays and isolated microorganisms were evaluated.

Results: Seven hundred and fifty-six patients (61.9%) were diagnosed with nosocomial infections according to the criteria of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Among these infections, nosocomial pneumonia took the first place. As infectious agent, Pseudomonas spp. (19.7%) took the first place, followed by Acinetobacter spp. (17.3%) and Staphylococcus spp. (16.7%).

Conclusion: Nosocomial infections are common at intensive care units. Besides infection control precautions, consultations with Infectious Diseases are also important in quick identification and treatment of these infections.

Keywords : Intensive care units; infectious diseases; consultation
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