ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

The Geographical Distribution of Morbidity Caused By Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Turkey: Copd Turkey-2
Mustafa Hamidullah Türkkanı1, Tarkan Özdemir2, Hatice Kılıç3, Nilgün Yılmaz Demirci4, Çiğdem Özdilekcan2, H. Canan Hasanoğlu3, Orhan Koç5, Can Öztürk4
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2020.2019.10.79

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most important morbidity and mortality reasons and it creates a cumulative economic and social burden.
Aims: To determine the distribution of the prevalence of patients in Turkey who were diagnosed with COPD and their morbidity rates, regarding their region and cities. Moreover, it was targeted to contribute to the prevention and cure services of COPD to be planned in the future.
Study Design: A retrospective cohort.
Methods: The database of the Social Security Institution from 2016 has been scanned. All the data with prescription registration, with the code ICD-10, J44.0-J44.9 which were aimed for diagnosing and/or cure has been evaluated with a retrospective cohort.
Results: In 2016, 955,369 patients who had outpatient admissions to the hospitals were diagnosed with COPD. The average number of annual admitted COPD cases was 2.09. 20% of outpatient hospitalizations were accepted to the emergency room. The rate of hospitalization among the applicants is 7.75%, with a total of 1.587.134. The average annual number of hospitalizations of men was higher than that of women. The average number of hospitalization days was 6.52. The region with the highest prevalence of outpatient admission and hospitalization was the Black Sea region.
Conclusion: The high rate of hospitalization is considered to be the outcome of the insufficient “outpatient” management.

Keywords : COPD, Prevalence, Morbidity, Regional

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