ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Glutamine Supplemented Parenteral Nutrition to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in the Intensive Care Unit
Meltem Türkay Aydoğmuş 1, İsmail Katı 1, Ürfettin Hüseyinoğlu 1, Yakup Tomak 2, Murat Tekin 3
1Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey
2Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Rize University, Rize, Turkey
3Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2012.043
Pages : 414-418

Abstract

Objective: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a form of nosocomial pneumonia that increases patient morbidity and mortality, length of hospital stay, and healthcare costs. Glutamine preserves the intestinal mucosal structure, increases immune function, and reduces harmful changes in gut permeability in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). We hypothesized that TPN supplemented by glutamine might prevent the development of VAP in patients on mechanical ventilator support in the intensive care unit (ICU).

Material and Methods: With the approval of the ethics committee and informed consent from relatives, 60 patients who were followed in the ICU with mechanical ventilator support were included in our study. Patients were divided into three groups. The first group received enteral nutrition (n=20), and the second was prescribed TPN (n=20) while the third group was given glutamine-supplemented TPN (n=20). C-reactive protein (CRP), sedimentation rate, body temperature, development of purulent secretions, increase in the amount of secretions, changes in the characteristics of secretions and an increase in requirement of deep tracheal aspiration were monitored for seven days by daily examination and radiographs.

Results: No statistically significant difference was found among groups in terms of development of VAP (p=0.622).

Conclusion: Although VAP developed at a lower rate in the glutamine-supplemented TPN group, no statistically significant difference was found among any of the groups. Glutamine-supplemented TPN may have no superiority over unsupplemented enteral and TPN in preventing VAP.

Keywords : Nutritional support, glutamine, ventilator-associated pneumonia

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