ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

The Effects of Electromagnetic Fields Generated from 1800 MHz Cell Phones on Erythrocyte Rheological Parameters and Zinc Level in Rats
Gülten Erken 1, Osman Genç 1, Melek Bor Küçükatay 2, Sebahat Turgut 2, Haydar Ali Erken 3, Selçuk Çömlekçi 4, Ümit Divrikli 5
1Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Balıkesir University, Balıkesir, Turkey
2Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
3Department of Emergency, Balıkesir State Hospital, Balıkesir, Turkey
4Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
5Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2011.021
Pages : 139-143

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the electromagnetic field generated from the 1800 MHz radiofrequency radiation (EF) on erythrocyte rheological parameters and erythrocyte zinc levels.

Material and Methods: Twenty-four male Wistar Albino rats were randomly grouped as follows: 1) two control groups and 2) study groups: i) Group A: EF exposed group (2.5 h/day for 30 days, the phone on stand-by), and ii) Group B: EF exposed group (2.5 min/day for 30 days, the phone ringing in silent mode). At the end of the experimental period erythrocyte rheological parameters such as erythrocyte deformability and aggregation were determined by an ectacytometer. Erythrocyte zinc level, which affects hemorheological parameters, was also measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer.

Results: Erythrocyte deformability was decreased in both study groups but the decrease in group A was not statistically significant. Exposure to EF did not have any significant effect on erythrocyte aggregation. On the other hand, erythrocyte zinc level was significantly reduced in both study groups.

Conclusion: Exposure to EF may have decreased tissue oxygenation due to reduced erythrocyte deformability. Decrease in erythrocyte zinc level may have caused the impairment in erythrocyte deformability.

Keywords : Electromagnetic field, erythrocyte aggregation, erythrocyte deformability, mobile phone, trace element

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