ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

The Effects of Related Factors on One- and Two-Year Mortality after a Hip Fracture in Elderly Turkish Patients
Tolga Atay 1, Berit Ceylan 2, Ahmet Özmeriç 3, Füsun Eroğlu 3, Lütfü Yavuz 4, Nurettin Heybeli 5
1Departments of Orthopedics and Traumatology Medical Faculty of Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta
2Departments of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Medical Faculty of Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta
3Departments of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medical Faculty of Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta
4Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Anesteziyoloji ve Reanimasyon Anabilim Dalı, Isparta
5Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne
DOI : 10.5174/tutfd.2008.01180.1
Pages : 127-131

Abstract

Objectives: Hip fractures are one of the most serious causes of impairment and death in the elderly. The aim of this study is to identify the effects of different risk factors on mortality after a hip fracture in elderly Turkish patients.

Patients and Methods: Two-hundred forty patients (>60 years; mean age 76.0±8.2 years) who were operated for fracture of the hip from 2001 to 2006 were investigated. Demographic data, preoperative length of hospital stay, anesthesia type and ASA physical status, albumin level at admission and comorbidities were recorded.

Results: Mean albumin level was 3.45±0.62 g/dl. Onehundred eight (45%) had hypoalbuminemia. The difference between mortality rates of normo- and hypoalbuminemic patients were not significant at one and two-year. According to preoperative length of stay; one-year mortality was significantly higher in male patients (p=0.015) while two-year mortality was not. One-year mortality was related with high ASA physical status scores (p=0.002) while two-year mortality was not (p=0.169). According to gender; one-year mortality was found higher in men (p=0.001).

Conclusion: Due to comorbidities, high ASA scores are common in elderly patients. Since the preoperative evaluation in high ASA physical status is longer, this may prolong the preoperative hospital stay. Delay after admission and high ASA physical status are important predictors of mortality for elderly hip fracture patients.

Keywords : Hip fracture; mortality; ASA; albumin

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