ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Do Dietary Calcium Intake and Hormone Replacement Therapy Affect Bone Mineral Density in Women?
Ferda Özdemir 1, Derya Demirbağ Kabayel 1, Mevlüt Türe 2
1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Trakya Üniversity, Edirne
2Department of Biostatistics, Medical Faculty of Trakya Üniversity, Edirne
Pages : 105-109

Abstract

Objectives: In this study, the relationship between postmenopausal bone mineral density (BMD), and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and the level of dietary calcium intake in women was investigated.

Patients and Methods: Two hundred postmenopausal women (mean age 58.89±8.51 years; range 42 to 83 years) were evaluated retrospectively. Menopausal age and duration, HRT status, and daily dietary calcium intake of all patients were recorded. Evaluation of BMD was made with Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) from lumbar spine and femur and the T scores were obtained.

Results: There was a significant negative correlation between the patients’ age and duration of menopause, and BMD. The BMD values of the patients not receiving HRT were significantly lower than those of the patients receiving HRT. In women with dietary calcium intake above 1000 mg/day, spine and femur BMD values were significantly higher than in those with an intake below 600 mg/ day and between 600-1000 mg/day.

Conclusion: We think that dietary calcium intake and HRT status can be an indicator for BMD in postmenopausal women.

Keywords : Osteoporosis; dietary calcium intake; bone mineral density; hormone replacement treatment
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