ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Genetic Landscape of Hearing Loss in the Caribbean: A Narrative Review
LéShon Peart1, Mustafa Tekin1,2
1Dr. John T. Macdonald Foundation Department of Human Genetics, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
2John P. Institute for Human Genomics, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2024.2024-2-110
Pages : 161-166


The Caribbean region has a diverse population of about 40 million people, spread over 13 sovereign states. This review aims to describe the existing studies on hereditary hearing loss (HL) in the Caribbean population. We systematically reviewed scientific articles on HL prevalence, genetic causes, technology use, and environmental effects in Caribbean nations and the Caribbean diaspora in the United States. Key findings show that HL rates, with diverse genetic variables, vary across Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic. Local resources and technology have been used to diagnose HL, particularly in rural areas. Environmental factors tend to affect HL prevalence in various regions. This literature review of Caribbean-focused studies helps guide future research and healthcare strategies, particularly concerning genetic drift caused by migration to the United States. Understanding these factors can help diagnose and treat HL in America’s diverse population.

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