ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Modifiable Risk Factors for Breast Cancer Mortality in Türkiye from 1990 to 2019: A Temporal Analysis of Global Burden of Disease Data
Ali Cem Yekdeş1, Didem Han Yekdeş1, Ülfiye Çelikkalp1, Galip Ekuklu1
1Department of Public Health, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Edirne, Türkiye
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2024.2024-4-91
Pages : 298-305

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women in Türkiye.
Aims: Explore the trends in female breast cancer mortality rates and the associated modifiable factors in Türkiye between 1990 and 2019.
Study Design: Epidemiological descriptive analysis.
Methods: The database of the Global Burden of Disease study was used to obtain data regarding breast cancer-related mortality and modifiable (behavioral and metabolic) risk factors among women in Türkiye from 1990 to 2019. The average annual percentage change (AAPC) for female breast cancer mortality rates was computed using the Joinpoint regression method.
Results: From 1990 to 2009, the breast cancer mortality rates in Türkiye tended to increase [from 12.26/105 in 1990 to 12.65/105 in 2019; AAPC=0.1 “95% confidence interval (CI): 0.1-0.1”]. In terms of breast cancer mortality attributed to modifiable factors, a 3% increase was observed from 1990 (20.4%) to 2019 (23.1%), the highest contributor being high body mass index (3.19% in 1990 to 5.87% in 2019; AAPC=1.5; 95% CI: 1.3-1.5), followed by high fasting plasma glucose (5.01% in 1990 to 7.72% in 2019; AAPC=1.4; 95% CI: 1.3-1.5).
Conclusion: The proportion of breast cancer-related deaths attributed to metabolic factors has been increasing in Türkiye from 1990 to 2019. Therefore, health policies aimed at managing metabolic factors in women are warranted to reduce breast cancer-related mortality in Türkiye.

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