ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia with Respiratory Failure Induced by Synthetic Cannabinoid Inhalation
Nesrin Öcal 1, Deniz Doğan 1, Ali Fuat Çiçek 2, Orhan Yücel 1, Ergun Tozkoparan 1
1Department of Chest Diseases, Gülhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Pathology, Gülhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2016.151145
Pages : 688-690


Background: In recent days, synthetic cannabinoid derivatives have become life threatening for young people. Here, we want to share a case of acute eosinophilic pneumonia triggered by inhalation of synthetic cannabinoid, new side effects of which are being detected day by day. 

Case Report: A 21-year-old male, who had no history of pulmonary diseases, was admitted to the clinic with shortness of breath. His oxygen saturation was measured as 85-86% in room air. Common irregular ground-glass opacities were observed in thorax radiology. His peripheral blood eosinophil count was 1100 cell/mm³ with a leukocyte differential of 12%. Sputum eosinophilia was also observed. The patient was diagnosed with acute eosinophilic pneumonia in terms of current clinical, radiological and laboratory findings. Rapid remission was achieved with corticosteroid therapy. 

Conclusion: This is the first reported case of acute eosinophilic pneumonia induced by synthetic cannabinoid inhalation.

Keywords : Acute eosinophilic pneumonia, sputum eosinophilia, synthetic cannabinoid
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