ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

A Comparison of the Urinary System in the First Printed Modern Turkish Anatomy Book and Contemporary Anatomy Books
Enis Uluçam 1, Nilüfer Gökçe 2, Selman Çıkmaz 3, Ali Yılmaz 3
1Department of Anatomy, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne
2Departments of Deontology and History of Medicine, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne
3Departments of Anatomy, Medical Faculty of Trakya University, Edirne
Pages : 256-260


Objectives: In our study, we examined the urinary system explained in the first printed Turkish anatomy book “Miratü'l Ebdan fi Teşrih-i Azaü'l İnsan”, and the urinary system existing in the contemporary anatomy reference books. With the results of our study, we aimed to provide a reference on the development of Turkish medicine and anatomic history for today's anatomists.

Study Design: Urinary system explanations of Şanizade's work were translated into today's Turkish. The information on urinary system included in Miratü'l Ebdan fi Teşrih-i Azaü'l İnsan was compared with the information on the same topic existing in today's modern anatomy reference books.

Results: Miratü'l Ebdan fi Teşrih-i Azaü'l İnsan consists of several parts on urinary system, which are kidney, capsulitis and vesica urinaria. The information about ureter is given under the part on kidney. Initially, positions of the organs, and then the physiognomy and internal structures are covered. Notably, we determined that the internal structure of kidney and the vein system is expressed in detail.

Conclusion: Şanizade used Ottoman Turkish terminology when he translated the original foreign source. He expressed the knowledge of his time in the best way. There are numerous points that correspond to contemporary knowledge on urinary system.

Keywords : Anatomy; urinary system; kidney; vesica urinaria; Ottoman book

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