ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Retroauricular Approach for Targeted Cochlear Therapy Experiments in Wistar Albino Rats
Selçuk Mülazımoğlu1, Emre Ocak2, Gülşah Kaygusuz3, Mustafa Kürşat Gökcan1
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Pathology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2016.0226
Pages : 200-205
Background: As the idea of stem cell technology in the treatment of sensorial hearing loss has emerged over the past decades, the need for in vivo models for related experiments has become explicit. One of the most common experimental models for inner ear stem cell delivery experiments is the Wistar albino rat. Aims: To investigate the surgical anatomy of the temporal bone of the Wistar albino rat with respect to the dissection steps, operative techniques and potential pitfalls of surgery.
Study Design: Animal experimentation. Methods: Adult Wistar albino rats were operated on via the retroauricular approach under an operation microscope. The anatomy of the temporal bone, the surgical route to the temporal bulla and the inner ear were investigated. Technical details of surgical steps, complications and potential pitfalls during the surgery were noted.
Results: The study group consisted of 40 adult Wistar albino rats. The mean times to reach the bulla and to achieve cochleostomy were 4.3 (2-13 min) and 7.5 min (3.5-22 min), respectively. The mean width of the facial nerve was 0.84 mm (0.42-1.25 mm). The stapedial artery lay nearly perpendicular to the course of the facial nerve (88-93 °C). There were three major complications: two large cochleostomies and one massive bleed from the stapedial artery.
Conclusion: The facial nerve was the key anatomical landmark in locating the bulla. By retrograde tracing of the facial nerve, it was possible to find the bulla ventral (inferior) to the main trunk. The facial nerve trunk was the upper limit when drilling the bulla. By dissecting the main trunk of the facial nerve and retracting cranially, a large drilling space could be achieved. Our results suggest that the retroauricular approach is an effective, feasible route for inner ear drug delivery experiments in Wistar albino rats.
Keywords : Wistar albino rats, inner ear, anatomy, operative surgical procedure

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