ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Robbery-Related Homicides of Taxi Drivers in Three Big Cities of Turkey Between 1996 and 2006
Mehmet Sunay Yavuz 1, Mahmut Aşırdizer 1, Nergis Cantürk 2, Berna Şenel Eraslan 3, Zafer Karadeniz 4
1Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Faculty of Celal Bayar University, Manisa
2Ministry of Justice, Division of Forensic Medicine Ankara Group Presidency, Ankara
3Ministry of Justice, Division of Forensic Medicine, Morgue Expertise Section, İstanbul
4Ministry of Justice, Division of Forensic Medicine İzmir Group Presidency, İzmir
Pages : 59-64

Abstract

Objectives: Taxi drivers have the highest prevalence of work-related homicides and the underlying motive for most homicides is robbery. The objectives of this study were to reveal the features of robbery-related homicides of taxi drivers, to evaluate characteristics of murdered drivers and assailants, and to recommend preventive measures.

Patients and Methods: We reviewed autopsy, crime investigation, security, and death records about robbery-related murders of taxi drivers in the cities İstanbul, Ankara, and İzmir in Turkey between 1996 and 2006.

Results: There were 109 robbery-related murders of taxi drivers (all males; mean age 41.6±12 years). Most of the drivers were killed at night and in the evening (n=80, 90.9%; p<0.01) and in the suburbs (n=53, 52.48%; p<0.01). Firearms were the most frequently used weapons (n=60, 55.05%; p<0.01) and most of the fatal injuries were located on the head (n=61, 41.78%; p<0.01). Security measurements in taxicabs were not effective enough to prevent murders of taxi drivers.

Conclusion: Safety of taxi drivers can be achieved by utilization of technological safety devices, but an effective solution to this problem is the restriction of civil armament.

Keywords : Homicide; occupational safety; workplace; violence

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