ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Current Approach to Non-Infectious Pulmonary Complications of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Güldane Cengiz Seval1, Pervin Topçuoğlu1, Taner Demirer1
1Department of Hematology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Cebeci Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2017.1635

Abstract

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an established treatment for patients with a wide range of malignant and nonmalignant conditions. Noninfectious pulmonary complications still remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Treating hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients with noninfectious pulmonary complications is still challenging, and the current treatment armamentarium and strategies are not adequate for patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Further trials are needed for a better description of the pathogenesis and the complete diagnostic criteria as well as for the development of effective therapeutic approaches for the management of noninfectious pulmonary complications of the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This review outlines the incidence, risk factors, pathogenesis, and clinical spectrum and discusses the current approaches to the management of noninfectious pulmonary complications of Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Keywords : Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, pulmonary complications, Bronchiolitis Obliterans syndrome, Idiopathic Pneumonia syndrome
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