ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

The Adipokine Profile and the Cardiometabolic Risk in Non-Obese Young Adults
Marina Ruxandra Otelea1, Adrian Streinu-Cercel1,2, Cristian Băicus1,3, Maria Nitescu1,2
1Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
2Institute for Infectious Diseases ‘Matei Bals’, Bucharest, Romania
3Clinical Hospital Colentina, Bucharest, Romania
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2018.2018.0789
Pages : 155-161

Abstract

Background: Young, non-obese adults are considered at low risk for cardiometabolic diseases, although markers of an unhealthy metabolic state are not uncommon findings in this population. Adipose tissue dysfunction, evaluated by the adipokine profile, significantly influences lipid and glucose metabolism and low-grade systemic inflammation.
Aims: To determine the relation between adipose tissue dysfunction and the already confirmed cardiometabolic risk indicators, including the atherogenic index of plasma, lipid accumulation product, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and the low-grade inflammation markers, namely, interleukin 6 and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Methods: We recruited 93 non-obese, healthy young adults. Anthropometric, lipid profile, inflammatory markers, and adipokines were measured. An abnormal adipokine profile (high leptin-to-adiponectin ratio) was considered as a marker of a dysfunctional adipose tissue. The correlation between the leptin-to-adiponectin ratio and the anthropometric measurements, atherogenic index of plasma, lipid accumulation product, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, interleukin 6, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein was determined.
Results: We found a direct correlation between the abnormal adipokine profile and the cardiometabolic risk indicators mentioned above, except for the low-grade inflammatory markers. In the regression model derived from our data, the leptin-to-adiponectin ratio was best correlated with the unfavorable plasma lipid profile, as estimated by the atherogenic index of plasma (r=0.097, confidence interval=0.015-0.180, p=0.021). A significantly higher leptin-to-adiponectin ratio was found in the insulin-resistant group (p=0.012) and in the highest lipid accumulation product quartile (p=0.032).
Conclusion: In a non-obese young population, the high rate of leptin-adiponectin may be a good predictor of cardiovascular and metabolic risk assessment.

Keywords : Adipokines, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, non-obese, young adult
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