ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Clinicopathologic Features of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Single-center Experience
Tuğba Akın Telli1, Ece Esin1, Şuayib Yalçın1
1Department of Medical Oncology, Hacettepe University Cancer Institute, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2020.2020.1.126
Pages : 281-286

Abstract

Background: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, a heterogeneous group of neoplasms, originates from the neuroendocrine system of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. There are limited number of studies investigating neuroendocrine tumors in Turkey.
Aims: To define the clinicopathologic, demographic, and survival features of patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
Study Design: A retrospective observational cohort study.
Methods: We reviewed hospital records of patients and data was analyzed retrospectively. We investigated the clinical, pathological, survival features, and prognosis of patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (n=128) admitted to the medical oncology department between year 2003 and 2014. Survival estimation was performed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were utilized to investigate the prognostic factors for survival.
Results: Of 128 patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, 61 (47.7%) were female and 67 (52.3%) were male. The most common site of the tumor was stomach (36.7%), while the most common stage of tumor at diagnosis was stage 4 (40.9%). The median follow-up period was 37 months, while the 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 78% and 69%, respectively. The factors significantly affecting overall survival rate were clinical stage, grade, presence of metastasis at diagnosis, and Ki-67 proliferation index. These factors were associated with the 3- and 5-year overall survival rate. Moreover, grade (hazard ratio: 8.34, 95% confidence interval: 2.16-32.22, p=0.01) and presence of metastasis at diagnosis (hazard ratio: 3.18, 95% confidence interval: 1.30-7.77, p=0.01) independently predicted overall survival in multivariate model following adjustment for age and gender.
Conclusion: Higher-grade and presence of metastasis at diagnosis are negative independent prognostic indicators of survival in patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

Keywords : Carcinoid tumor, gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, neuroendocrine tumor
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