ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension
Armağan Tuğrul 1
1Trakya Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi İç Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı Endokrinoloji Bilim Dalı, Edirne
Pages : 44-54

Abstract

Hypertension is a major worldwide health problem. Its prevalence is 1.5-2 times higher in diabetic population than that in non-diabetic individuals. Its pathogenesis depends on diabetic nephropathy in type 1, whereas may be multifactorial in type 2 diabetes mellitus. In diabetics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are most widely preferred in the treatment of hypertension because of their numerous desirable effects. In this article, the most recent data are presented on the relationship between diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and treatments of hypertension in diabetic patients.

Keywords : Antihypertensive agents; diabetes mellitus/complications/ drug therapy; hypertension/complications/drug therapy; risk factors
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