ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

The Effect of Chemerin on Cardiac Parameters and Gene Expressions in Isolated Perfused Rat Heart
Özden Kutlay1, Ziya Kaygısız1, Bilgin Kaygısız2
1Department of Physiology, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey
2Department of Pharmacology, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2017.1787
Pages : 43-48

Abstract

Background: Chemerin is a novel chemoattractant adipokine expressed in cardiovascular system, and its receptor has been detected in the epicardial adipose tissue.
Aims: To determine the effects of chemerin on the cardiac parameters and gene expressions in the isolated perfused rat heart.
Study Design: Animal experiment.
Methods: The hearts were retrogradely perfused with Langendorff technique to measure the cardiac parameters. The experimental groups were acutely treated with 10, 100, and 1000 nM doses of chemerin. Another group was given 10 μM L-nitric oxide synthase inhibitor for 5 min before 1000 nM chemerin administration. The real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed for detecting the expression of target genes.
Results: All doses of chemerin significantly decreased the left ventricular developed pressure (max 35.33 ∆%, p<0.001), and +dP/dtmax (max 31.3 ∆%, p<0.001), which are the indexes of cardiac contractile force. In addition, 1000 nM chemerin reduced the coronary flow (max 31 ∆%, p<0.001). N(W)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester antagonized the negative inotropic effect of chemerin on contractility. Chemerin induced a 2.16-fold increase in endothelial nitric oxide synthase mRNA and increased the cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels (p<0.001) but decreased the PI3Kγ gene expression (1.8-fold, p<0.001). Furthermore, all doses of chemerin decreased the CaV1.2 gene expression (1.69-fold, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Acute chemerin treatment induces a negative inotropic action with the involvement of nitric oxide pathway, CaV1.2, and PI3Kγ on isolated rat heart.

Keywords : Animal experiment, chemerin, cyclic guanosine monophosphate, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, heart contractility
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