ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

The Turkish Version of the Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation Questionnaire: Validation and Clinical Application
Mustafa Çelik1, Ahmet Altıntaş2
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Kafkas University Faculty of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
2Clinic of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Fatih Medical Park Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2018.1129

Background: An assessment of rhinoplasty (RP) from the patient’s perspective, in terms of satisfaction and quality of life (QOL), is equally important because these are the predominant factors indicating the success of RP.
Aims: To translate the Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation (ROE) into Turkish and then validate the new version for use in Turkish patients.
Study Design: Validation study.
Methods: We enrolled 30 participants who were able to read and write Turkish and underwent primary RP. The control group consisted of 58 healthy volunteers with no need for aesthetic or functional nasal surgery. The reliability of the ROE-T was analysed according to its internal consistency and test-retest reproducibility. Discriminant validity was calculated by comparing the ROE-T scores between the patient and control groups. Responsiveness and sensitivity to changes in RP outcomes were analysed by comparing the pre- and post-operative ROE-T scores of the patients.
Results: The scores for questions 1–6 of the ROE-T, and the total scores, were significantly lower in the patient group than in the control group (all p <0.05) . In the patient group, the scores for questions 1–6 of the ROE-T, and the total scores, were higher postoperatively than preoperatively (all p <0.05). The scores for each ROE-T question, and the total scores, did not significantly differ with respect to test-retest reproducibility (all p >0.05). The internal consistency of the ROE-T was high, as evidenced by Cronbach's α values of 0.887 preoperatively and 0.798 postoperatively.
Conclusion: The ROE-T thus constitutes a validated instrument with which to measure RP outcomes among Turkish patients. As the ROE is the most well-validated tool for assessing the outcomes of RP, the ROE-T can be applied as a part of multi-national investigations.

Keywords : rhinoplasty, outcome, validation, clinical application, Turkish
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