ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

More Income for Male Physicians; Findings About Salary Differences Between Male and Female Iranian Physicians
Enayatollah Homaie Rad1, Elham Ehsani-Chimeh2, Masoumeh Najafi Gharebolagh3, Fatemeh Kokabisaghi4, Satar Rezaei5, Maryam Yaghubi6
1Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2National Institute for Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Tehran University of Medical Sciences, School of Public Health, Tehran, Iran
4Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, NL
5Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, School of Public Health, Kermanshah, Iran
6Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2018.1082

Background: In recent decades, the role of women in the organizations of developed and less developed countries has increased, but little is known about gender gap in salaries of Iranian physicians.
Aims: The aim of this study was to analyze the gender gap in the salary of physicians working in public health sector of Iran and its predicting factors in 2016.
Study design: This is a cross sectional study conducted on physicians" salary in Iran in 2016.
Methods: 30824 records about characteristics of study population were extracted from national human resources for health database. Nearest neighborhood matching technique was used to find adjusted differences of salary between male and female physicians. In addition, by using Oaxaca decomposition method, the reasons for the differences were found.
Results: The results showed that there was a difference of 117 dollars in monthly salaries of male and female physicians in favor of men. Differences in male and female salaries could be predicted by place of work and residency, type of specialty, type of employment and marital status.
Conclusion: Gender gap in physicians' salaries exists in public health sector of Iran. The payment methods of salaries for men and women should be revised in order to remove the inequalities.

Keywords : Gender salary gap, Salary, Physicians, Iran, Income distribution, Gender, Inequality, Gender pay gap
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