ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Does Maintaining a Targeted Abdominal Perfusion Pressure Reduce Renal Damage in Patients with Septic Shock?: A Randomized, Controlled, and Open-label Study
Hüseyin Özkarakaş1, Zeki Tuncel Tekgül1, Murat Arslan1, Mehmet Uğur Bilgin2, Hazal Ezgi Eker3, Onur Okur4, Bülent Çalık1
1Clinic of Intensive Care, University of Health Sciences Türkiye, İzmir Bozyaka Trainig and Research Hospital, İzmir, Türkiye
2Clinic of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Helios Klinikum Schleswig, Teaching Hospital for the University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany
3Clinic of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, İzmir Bayındır State Hospital, İzmir, Türkiye
4Clinic of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences Türkiye, Prof. Dr. Cemil Taşcıoğlu Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2023.2023-5-9
Pages : 415-421


Background: Increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in patients admitted to the intensive care unit leads to reduced abdominal perfusion pressure (APP), causing circulatory insufficiency and organ failure.
Aims: To investigate the effect of maintaining a targeted APP on renal injury and the effect of increased IAP on the mortality rate in patients with septic shock.
Study Design: Randomized, controlled, open-label study.
Methods: A total of 72 patients were randomly divided into two groups (MAP65 or APP60). The MAP target for patients in the MAP65 group (n = 36) was 65 mmHg according to the Surviving Sepsis Guidelines. In the APP60 group (n = 36), the target APP was set to > 60 mmHg. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR), inotrope consumption, and IAP were recorded daily. The need for renal replacement therapy, decrease in GFR, and 30- and 90-day mortality rates were compared between the two groups.
Results: In both the groups, the IAP was statistically similar (p = 0.458). The decreased in GFR was similar in both groups during the first 2 days. From day 3, there was a more statistically significant rapid decline in GFR in the MAP65 group than in the APP60 group. The GFR p-values on the 3rd, 4th, and 5th days were 0.040, 0.043, and 0.032, respectively. Eight patients (22.2%) in the MAP65 group and three patients (8.3%) in the APP group required renal replacement therapy (p = 0.101). The 30-day mortality rates in the MAP65 and APP60 groups were 61.1%, and 47.7%, respectively (p = 0.237). The 90-day mortality rates in the MAP65 and APP60 groups were 66.7% and 66.7%, respectively (p = 1).
Conclusion: Setting an APP target limited the reduction in GFR. The mortality rates were similar in the two groups and there was no difference in the rate of end-stage renal failure between the groups.

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