ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin Activates Mouse Dendritic Cells Through the JAK/SYK Pathway in Promoting Th17 Response in Psoriasis
Cuihao Song1, Jie Sun2, Zhenkai Zhao1, Xu Zhang3, Xiangyu Ding1, Xiaoqiang Liang1, Jia Bai1, Liyuan Xing1, Lingling Gong1, Chengxin Li1, Biwen Lin1
1Department of Dermatology, PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China
2305 Hospital of People’s Liberation Army, Beijing, China
3Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.galenos.2024.2024-1-96
Pages : 174-185

Abstract

Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that has no cure. While the specific cause of psoriasis is unknown, interactions between immune cells and inflammatory cytokines are believed to be important in its pathogenesis. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine produced by epithelial cells that profoundly affects dendritic cells (DCs) and is involved in allergy and inflammatory diseases. In some studies, its expression is higher in the skin of psoriasis patients, whereas it is increased in treated psoriasis patients when compared with untreated patients in others.
Aims: To investigate the role of TSLP in the pathogenesis of psoriasis.
Study Design: In vitro and in vivo study.
Methods: To investigate the effect of TSLP on psoriasis in vivo, a mouse psoriasis model and shRNA targeting TSLP to reduce its expression were used. Mouse primary bone marrow dendritic cells (BMDCs) were cultured in vitro and used to investigate the signaling pathways activated by TSLP.
Results: We found that reducing TSLP expression in psoriasis skin alleviated disease severity. TSLP activated the Janus kinase (JAK)/SYK pathway in psoriatic skin. In vitro studies with BMDCs demonstrated that TSLP increased DC maturation through the JAK/SYK pathway and activated DCs-secreted cytokines that stimulated CD4+ T cells to develop into T helper 17 (Th17) cells by activating STAT3 signaling. The JAK/SYK pathway inhibitor reduced the effect of TSLP on activating BMDCs and promoting Th17 differentiation by CD4+ T cells.
Conclusion: These findings indicated that TSLP exerted its immune-modulating effect in psoriasis through the JAK/SYK pathway.

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