ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Efficiency and Cost Analysis of Cell Saver Auto Transfusion System in Total Knee Arthroplasty
Mustafa Gökhan Bilgili 1, Ersin Erçin 1, Cemal Kural 1, Altuğ Duramaz 1, Cevdet Avkan 1, Gökhan Peker 2, Serdar Hakan Başaran 3
1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Research and Training Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Trabzon Kanuni Research and Training Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey
3Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Karabük University Faculty of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2014.13267

Abstract

Background: Blood loss and replacement is still a controversial issue in major orthopaedic surgery. Allogenic blood transfusion may cause legal problems and concerns regarding the transmission of transfusion-related diseases. Cellsaver Systems (CSS) were developed as an alternative to allogenic transfusion but CSS transfusion may cause coagulation, infection and haemodynamic instability.

Aims: Our aim was to analyse the efficiency and cost analysis of a cell saver auto-transfusion system in the total knee arthroplasty procedure.

Study Design: Retrospective comparative study.

Methods: Those patients who were operated on by unilateral, cemented total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were retrospectively evaluated. Group 1 included 37 patients who were treated using the cell saver system, and Group 2 involved 39 patients who were treated by allogenic blood transfusion. The groups were compared in terms of preoperative haemoglobin and haematocrit levels, blood loss and transfusion amount, whether allogenic transfusion was made, degree of deformity, body mass index and cost.

Results: No significant results could be obtained in the statistical comparisons made in terms of the demographic properties, deformity properties, preoperative laboratory values, transfusion amount and length of hospital stay of the groups. Average blood loss was calculated to be less in Group 1 (p<0.05) and cost was higher in Group 1 (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Cell saver systems do not decrease the amount of allogenic blood transfusion and costs more. Therefore, the routine usage of the auto-transfusion systems is a controversial issue. Cell saver system usage does not affect allogenic blood transfusion incidence or allogenic blood transfusion volume. It was found that preoperative haemoglobin and body mass index rates may affect allogenic blood transfusion. Therefore, it is foreseen that auto-transfusion systems could be useful in patients with low haemoglobin level and body mass index.

Total Times Cited: 10 (Updated on Sep. 2017- WoS)

Keywords : Cell saver system, cost, total knee arthroplasty
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