ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Yarı Kırsal Bir Bölgede 20-64 Yaş Üreme Çağı ve Menopoz Sonrası Kadınlarda Şişmanlık Sıklığı
Ahmet Yiğit Aktener 1, Hatice İkbal Dülger 1, Gülsüm Egemen Erkayhan 1, Gökay Görmeli 1, Fatma Sercan Kafadar 1, Mehtap Yıldız 1, Pembe Keskinoğlu 1, Ata Soyer 1
1Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Halk Sağlığı Anabilim Dalı, İnciraltı, İzmir
Pages : 119-126


Objectives: To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for obesity among reproductive age and postmenopausal women aged between 20-64 years in a semi-urban area.

Study Design: In this cross-sectional and analytic study conducted in Urla Health Center District in İzmir, 297 women was selected with systematic sampling method from a total of 3689 women aged 20-64 years. Obesity prevalence was taken as 30%, deviation as 5% and 96.3% of all women (n=286) could be reached. Data were collected through a face to face questionnaire and by body weight and height measurements. Obesity was defined as a body mass index of >30 kg/m2.

Results: Among all women, 82.5% were primary school graduates and/or never attended school; 94.4% were not in employment. The prevalence of obesity was 22.2% among women between 20-49 years and 41.1% among women between 50-64 years. All women aged 50-64 years were in menopausal period, and 6 women aged 20-49 years of age were in perimenopausal period. Univariate analysis showed that obesity was significantly associated with age (≥50 years, p=0.004), number of births (≥3 births, p=0.019), having a first degree obese relative (p<0.001), chronic diseases (p=0.034), and consumption of foods rich in carbohydrates (p=0.034). According to multivariate logistic regression analysis which included the above mentioned variables and oral contraceptive use; chronic diseases (p<0.001), obesity in the family (p<0.001) and high consumption of carbohydrate-rich foods (p=0.030) significantly increased obesity. There was no correlation between age and obesiy.

Conclusion: It was observed that 25.9% of 20-64 years old women in semi-urban area were obese and obesity increased with age. The genetic and environmental factors, chronical diseases and variables regarding reproductive health affect obesity prevalence.

Keywords : Kadın; obezite/epidemiyoloji

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