ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Evaluation of Proliferative-Apoptotic Activity in Inactive, Proliferative, Hyperplastic Endometria and Endometrioid Carcinomas
Ufuk Usta 1, Mehmet Naci Edalı 2, Nasuhi Engin Aydın 2
1Trakya Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Patoloji Anabilim Dalı, Edirne
2İnönü Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Malatya
Pages : 28-35


Objectives: The role of proliferative and apoptotic mechanisms in various endometrial pathologies and in proliferative and atrophic endometria was assessed by immunohistochemical methods.

Patients and Methods: A total of 55 cases consisting of 13 endometrioid carcinomas, eight cases of endometrial hyperplasia, 15 cases of disordered proliferation, 12 cases with proliferative and seven with inactive/athrophic endometria gathered from the local archives were included in the study. Immunohistochemical markers and stains, namely bcl-2, an antiapopitotic marker, and Ki-67, a proliferative marker were applied to the sections of selected diagnostic tissue blocks. Additionally, mitotic counts per 10 high power fields were obtained in cases of hyperplasia and carcinoma.

Results: Mean H-score value for bcl-2 reaction was 0.48 for endometrioid carcinoma. Mean H-score values for cases of hyperplasia, disordered proliferation, proliferation and atrophy were calculated as 1.93, 1.62, 1.5 and 1.0, respectively. Ki-67 proliferation index for endometrioid carcinoma was 48.9%. This index was 32%, 29%, 31.5% and 8.4% for hyperplasia, disordered proliferation, proliferation and atrophy, respectively.

Conclusion: Staining with bcl–2 peaked in cases of hyperplasia, and lost its intensity as nuclear atypia became evident. Weakest staining was observed in cases with grade II and III endometrioid carcinomas. In contrast, proliferative indexes increased with increasing grades of carcinoma.

Keywords : Carcinoma endometrioid; endometrial hyperplasia; genes bcl-2; Ki-67 antigen
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