ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Association Between Superoxide Dismutase Isoenzyme Gene Expression and Total Antioxidant Status in Patients with an End-Stage Renal Disease
Ana Ninić1, Miron Sopić1, Jelena Munjas1, Vesna Spasojević-Kalimanovska1, Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević1, Nataša Bogavac-Stanojević1, Jasmina Ivanišević1, Sanja Simić-Ogrizović2,3, Milica Kravljača2, Zorana Jelić-Ivanović1
1Department for Medical Biochemistry, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Pharmacy, Belgrade, Serbia
2Clinic of Nephrology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
3University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2018.0170
Pages : 431-436


Background: Chronic renal failure, particularly end-stage renal disease, is a serious health problem associated with a high mortality rate. Uremic syndrome leads to increased oxidative stress, inflammation, and dyslipidemia.
Aims: To examine superoxide dismutase isoenzyme gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients on hemodialysis and to determine the associations between superoxide dismutase isoenzyme gene expression, oxidative stress, and non-enzymatic antioxidative protection.
Study Design: Case control study.
Methods: This study included 33 patients on hemodialysis (age, 55.33±15.31 years old) and 33 apparently healthy controls (age, 45.37±8.92 years old). Superoxide dismutase isoenzyme messenger ribonucleic acid levels were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. General biochemical parameters, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, total antioxidant status, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, and the superoxide anion radical were also determined.
Results: Normalized Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase and Mn superoxide dismutase messenger ribonucleic acid levels were significantly higher in patients than controls (p<0.001 and p=0.011). A significant negative correlation was detected between normalized Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase messenger ribonucleic acid levels and total protein, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and total antioxidant status. Normalized Mn superoxide dismutase messenger ribonucleic acid levels were negatively correlated with total protein and total antioxidant status. A multiple regression analysis revealed independent associations between total antioxidant status and normalized Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (p=0.038) and between total antioxidant status and normalized Mn superoxide dismutase messenger ribonucleic acid levels (p=0.038 and p=0.018, respectively).
Conclusion: The superoxide dismutase isoenzyme gene is expressed at a higher rate in patients with end-stage renal failure, probably due to increased oxidative stress and attenuated antioxidative defense. The plasma total antioxidant status is an independent predictor of normalized superoxide dismutase isoenzyme messenger ribonucleic acid levels.

Keywords : Antioxidants, end stage renal disease, ribonucleic acid, superoxide dismutase
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