ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Residual Fragments after Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Kaan Özdedeli 1, Mete Çek 1
1Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2012.082
Pages : 230-235


Clinically insignificant residual fragments (CIRFs) are described as asymptomatic, noninfectious and nonobstructive stone fragments (≤4 mm) remaining in the urinary system after the last session of any intervention (ESWL, URS or PCNL) for urinary stones. Their insignificance is questionable since CIRFs could eventually become significant, as their presence   may result in   recurrent stone growth and they may cause pain and infection due to urinary obstruction. They may become the source of persistent infections and a significant portion of the patients will have  a stone-related event, requiring auxilliary interventions. CT seems to be the ultimate choice of assessment. Although there is no concensus about the timing, recent data suggests that it may be performed one month after the procedure. However, imaging can be done in the immediate postoperative period, if there are no tubes blurring the assessment. There is some evidence indicating that selective medical therapy may have an impact on decreasing stone formation rates. Retrograde intrarenal surgery, with its minimally invasive nature, seems to be the best way to deal with residual fragments.

Keywords : Nephrolithotomy, percutaneous, urinary stones
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