ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Social Anxiety in İstanbul Heavy Metal Bar Patrons
Özalp Ekinci 1, Yasin Bez 2, Volkan Topçuoglu 3, Serdar Nurmedow 3
1Clinic of Child Psychitary, Antakya Child Care Home, Hatay, Turkey
2Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle Universty, Diyarbakır, Turkey
3Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara Universty, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/balkanmedj.2011.24
Pages : 307-312


Objective: We aimed to examine the heavy metal bar patrons in Istanbul by means of self-reported questionnaires for psychiatric disorder symptoms.

Material and Methods: Seventy-one volunteers from 4 popular heavy metal bars were included to the study. The Beck Depression Inventory, the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), the Adult Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD) Scale and the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) were administered to the participants.

Results: One fourth of the participants (25.4%) were under high risk for a depressive episode (BDI>17), 22 (32.3%) reported significant social anxiety (LSAS>30), and 41 (57.7%) showed moderate ADHD symptoms (Adult ADD/ADHD scale: 20-59). According to BDI score participants who were under the risk for depression showed higher scores in Adult ADD/ADHD scale scores than that of participants who were not under a risk for depression (p=0.001 for attention deficit; p=0.003 for hyperactivity; p=0.002 for impulsivity; p=0.001 for total score). In the study group, ADD/ADHD scale attention deficit score was positively correlated with the total fear, total avoidence and the total scores of LSAS (r=.359 p<0.01; r=.332 p<0.01; r=.358 p<0.01, respectively).

Conclusion: Heavy metal bar patrons appear to be a particular social group with an increased risk of psychopathology.

Keywords : Heavy metal, music preference, bar, social anxiety, ADHD
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